palm kernel shell studies

  • What is palm kernel shell

    The first thing you should know is related to the term Palm Kernel shell is to understand what shell is The shell is the part of the layer that is close to the flesh of the fruit in this context of course the intended is Palm oil fruit Character

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  • REMOVAL OF CONTAMINANTS IN USED LUBRICATING

    2010 2 4 Also coconut shell haveaspecific gravity of 1 42 and moisture content of 19 7 compared to palm kernel shell with the specific gravity of 1 61 and moisture content of 20 4 respectively In contrast the activated carbons produced from palm kernel and coconut shells are not suitable for the removal of both copper and iron metals

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  • Study on Adsorption of Mercury from Aqueous Solution

    The adsorption ability of powdered activated carbons PAC derived from palm kernel shell PKS was investigated PAC was prepared by chemical activation method using ZnCl2 as an activating agents The adsorption studies of Hg II was carried out under control condition with constant pH solution temperature 30 C treatment time 90 min and absorbent dosage 2 0 g L 1

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  • DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF THE

    2020 6 30 Palm kernel shell PKS is the hard endocarp of palm kernel fruit that protects the palm seed Palm Kernel Shell is recovered after extraction of palm oil from the mesocarp of the oil palm fruit it is obtained as crushed pieces after threshing or crushing to remove the seed which is used in the production of palm kernel oil Olutoge 1995

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  • Palm Kernel Shell as Bio fertilizer

    2021 4 30 Palm kernel shell PKS is the portion of the palm seed left behind once the nut is removed for oil production Previously before PKS was used as a recyclable source the shells were merely buried into the soil or burned in order to dispose them These activities cause pollution to the environment as well as loss to the producers

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  • The effect of palm kernel shell ash on the mechanical

    2016 6 17 studies the effect of palm kernel shell ash as reinforcement on the mechanical properties of as cast aluminum matrix composites using recycled cylinder of an automotive engine block Aluminum metal matrix composites have played a dominant role for a long time in a variety of applications for their high specific strength and modulus

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  • PALM KERNEL SHELL AS PARTIALLY REPLACEMENT OF

    2016 11 11 Palm kernel shells are one of the wastes from palm oil industry which have long been used as fuel in boiler to produce steam and electricity for mill processes Palm kernel shell is the hard shell of the oil palm fruit seed that is broken to take out the kernel used for extracting palm oil

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  • SEPARATION OPTIMIZATION OF PALM KERNEL BY ITS

    2015 3 3 and the palm oil kernel Palm oil kernel is obtained from the Fresh Fruit Bunches after the pressing of the fruits The leftover from the press was a mixture of fiber and nuts After separating the fiber and nuts these nuts were then cracked using ripple mill and a mixture of shell and kernel

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  • Utilization of Palm Kernel Shell Ash to Improve Used Palm

    2020 2 22 Palm kernel shell ash PKSA is a waste from the use of palm kernel shell as fuel which is very abundant especially in Riau Indonesia The objective of this study utilized the PKSA to improve the quality of used palm cooking oil The characteristics of PKSA were analyzed using FTIR to determine the presence of Si O Si and XRF to determine the amount

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  • METHANE ADSORPTION PERFORMANCE OF THE PALM

    2016 12 7 A study was conducted to prepare activated carbon from ZnCl 2 treated oil palm kernel shell using the sequential combination of carbon dioxide and steam CO 2 steam as activated agent The development of pores of activated carbon and methane adsorption on the prepared activated carbon were investigated

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  • Properties of Torrefied Palm Kernel Shell via Microwave

    2018 11 5 This study describes the characteristic and thermal properties of torrefied palm kernel shell PKS by microwave irradiation pretreatment The microwave power level 200 300 450 and 600 W and processing time 4 8 and 12 min were used in this study The pretreated samples were analyzed for mass and energy yield calorific value proximate and elemental composition and thermal

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  • Palm Kernel Shell as an effective adsorbent for the

    2019 12 12 Palm kernel shell PKS of oil palm is useful material to be applied as an adsorbent for the removal of heavy metal ions as the good quality of organic compounds in it capable of adsorption of

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  • CHARACTERIZATION OF PALM KERNEL SHELL POWDER

    2012 10 21 areas where palm kernel shell are used or are being considered for use include automobile disk brake pad 4 5 carbon activation for water purification concrete ingredient in building industry fuel for heat generation 6 thermal insulator 7 etc The shell is made up of 33 charcoal 45

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  • Mechanical and Durability Properties of Palm Kernel Shell

    search for alternative construction materials Palm Kernel Shell Ash is an agricultural waste product which is burnt to form ash This work examines the possibility of using Palm Kernel Shell Ash as partial replacement of cement In this study PKSA was partially replaced as 0 6 12 and 18 in place of cement in concrete

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  • PALM KERNEL SHELL AS PARTIALLY REPLACEMENT OF

    2016 11 11 Palm kernel shells are one of the wastes from palm oil industry which have long been used as fuel in boiler to produce steam and electricity for mill processes Palm kernel shell is the hard shell of the oil palm fruit seed that is broken to take out the kernel used for extracting palm oil

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  • Experimental Study on Palm Kernel Shells as Coarse

    2016 9 9 Palm kernel shell replace ment 0 25 50 75 100 7days 2397 2212 2022 1905 1673 14days 2401 2218 2039 1923 1690 21days 2407 2226 2058 1930 1698 28days 2412 2241 2063 1948 1710 The variation of density of concrete with palm kernel shell content is

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  • Palm Kernel Shell as Bio fertilizer

    2021 4 30 Palm kernel shell PKS is the portion of the palm seed left behind once the nut is removed for oil production Previously before PKS was used as a recyclable source the shells were merely buried into the soil or burned in order to dispose them These activities cause pollution to the environment as well as loss to the producers

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  • Palm Kernel Shell

    Palm kernel shell has gained it status as a biofuel resource for biomass product It also classified as a renewable energy that complies with country energy regulation such as Japan Korea and Europe Palm kernel shell also consider as the replacement for wood chip In Malaysia biomass boiler is becoming popular due to design maintenance and

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  • Palm Kernel Shell ID

    PALM KERNEL SHELL With a full team of experienced specialists we have carefully selected and screened to provide a full list of verified palm kernel shell suppliers in Indonesia Get free consultation now or arrange your visit to Indonesia to survey supplier s stockpile that

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  • Soil Burial Study of Palm Kernel Shell Filled Natural

    different polarities Palm kernel shell is compatible with other natural fibers which are hydrophilic while natural rubber is hydrophobic Ali Shah et al 2013 Thus to improve the interfacial adhesion and the compatibility between palm kernel shell and natural rubber

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  • Liquefaction of palm kernel shell to bio oil using sub

    Abstract Palm kernel shell was liquefied using sub and supercritical water at 330–390 C and 25 MPa for different reaction times The overall kinetics of the liquefaction based on the conversion of biomass was analyzed using kinetic equation adopted from the literature and the kinetic parameters were estimated from the evaluation of the kinetic equation In this study the rate constant

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  • Cangkang Sawit Palm Kernel Shell

    CANGKANG SAWIT PALM KERNEL SHELL Palm kernel shells or PKS are the shell fractions left after the nut has been removed after crushing in the Palm Oil mill Kernel shells are a fibrous material brownish yellow in colour and with particle sizes normally ranging between 5 mm and 40 mm with high calorific value averaging 4000 Kcal/kg and low ash content

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  • Torrefaction of Palm Kernel Shell Into Value Added Solid

    2011 11 15 Palm kernel shell PKS is a part of oil palm waste produced by the oil palm industry Because of its good availability in Malaysia with the annual production of 4 5 million tonnage wet/years Yusup et al 2009 PKS has been selected as a biomass sources in this study

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  • Soil Burial Study of Palm Kernel Shell Filled Natural

    Palm kernel shell PKS was incorporated into natural rubber composites at loadings ranging from 0 to 20 phr using a laboratory size two roll mill A soil burial study of the PKS filled NR composites as a function of filler loading and silane coupling agent incorporation was then conducted over a period of six months

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  • Preparation of charcoal briquette from palm kernel shells

    2020 10 16 The qualities of palm kernel shell briquette produced from this study underscore its importance as a suitable fuel From the experiment briquette produced possesses suitable combustion properties for use due to limited smoke emissions contributing to a decrease in indoor and outdoor pollution

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  • Palm Kernel Shell ID

    PALM KERNEL SHELL With a full team of experienced specialists we have carefully selected and screened to provide a full list of verified palm kernel shell suppliers in Indonesia Get free consultation now or arrange your visit to Indonesia to survey supplier s stockpile that

    Get Price
  • Study on Adsorption of Mercury from Aqueous Solution

    The adsorption ability of powdered activated carbons PAC derived from palm kernel shell PKS was investigated PAC was prepared by chemical activation method using ZnCl2 as an activating agents The adsorption studies of Hg II was carried out under control condition with constant pH solution temperature 30 C treatment time 90 min and absorbent dosage 2 0 g L 1

    Get Price
  • Removal of fluoride using quaternized palm kernel shell as

    Abstract Palm kernel shell PKS core fibers an agricultural waste were chemically modified using N 3 chloro 2 hydroxypropyl trimethylammonium chloride CHMAC as a quaterniz

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  • Study on Adsorption of Mercury from Aqueous Solution

    The adsorption ability of powdered activated carbons PAC derived from palm kernel shell PKS was investigated PAC was prepared by chemical activation method using ZnCl2 as an activating agents The adsorption studies of Hg II was carried out under control condition with constant pH solution temperature 30 C treatment time 90 min and absorbent dosage 2 0 g L 1

    Get Price
  • Palm Kernel Shells GREEN BIO WORLD

    2020 1 28 Palm Kernel Shells PKS is a side product derived from the production of palm kernel oil and palm oil from the palm tree seeds The palm kernel shells is thick and wood like and hence a perfect fuel for wood cogeneration plants thermal power stations biomass power and industrial plants PKS is actually the by product from the palm oil industry before the era for palm kernel shells being

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  • Palm Kernel Shell

    Palm Kernel Shell Specification Moisture 1 7 max Impurity 2 max Fiber 5 max Hard Shell 90 minimum Ash content typical abt 3 weight ASTM D 3174 02 Sulphur content typical abt 0 09 weight ASTM D4239 02 Info Supply Capacity monthly 40ft Full Container Loading 20MT Notes Palm Kernel Shell Biomass Fuel Payment Terms 100 L/C

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  • Characteristics of Palm Kernel Shell and Palm Kernel Shell

    The peculiar characteristics of Palm Kernel Shell PKS may have corresponding effects on polymer mono composites and hybrid composites when used as filler in polymer matrices Th

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  • Equilibrium and thermodynamic investigation of

    2021 4 8 Studies have been conducted using palm kernel shell oil palm fibre and palm kernel cake as adsorbent 37 38 39 None was found on the use of palm kernel chaff

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  • STUDY OF OPTIMUM COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF

    2019 7 10 compressive strength decreased with increase in proportions of palm kernel shell For 100 50 and 0 palm kernel shells in the concrete containing 100 quarry dust the compressive strength at 28 days were 15 06 N/mm 2 17 72 N/mm and 35 N/mm2 respectively which satisfied the minimum requirement for the production of light weight concrete

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  • A Comparative Study of the Physico Chemical Properties

    2013 10 2 Abstract A comparative study of the physico chemical properties of activated carbon of oil palm waste palm kernel shell PKS and oil palm fibre OPF were carried out The properties evaluated were surface area moisture content pH bulk density pore volume porosity tortuocity ash content and metal ions present in the oil palm waste

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  • Kinetic Study of Steam Gasificaiton of Palm Kernel Shell

    2020 5 1 Kinetic Study of Steam Gasificaiton of Palm Kernel Shell Char Nuttapol Lerkkasemsan 1 Published 1 May 2020 Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering Volume 855 2020 The 3rd International Conference on Smart Materials Applications 13 16 January 2020 Seoul South Korea

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  • Thermogravimetric Studies of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch

    2015 11 1 The combustion behavior and characteristics of oil palm residues − empty fruit bunch EFB and palm kernel shell PKS − were investigated in a thermogravimetric analyzer A 15 mg sample of each biomass was heated from 30 C to 900 C at four heating rates within 10−40 C/min in a dry air flow of 50 ml/min

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  • Rhodamine B dyes adsorption on palm kernel shell based

    2020 2 23 Palm kernel shell 44 5 26 7 Palm empty fruit bunch 13 0 37 0 43 0 65 0 Palm frond 20 0 21 0 40 0 50 0 Palm trunk 18 0 23 0 29 0 37 0 Palm kernel shell based activated carbon A number of researchers has studied the feasibility of PKS as AC precursor Table 2 summarizes the recent studies

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  • Assessment of Uncharred Palm Kernel Shell as a Filter

    This study examined the use of uncharred palm kernel shells as a filter medium in low rate filtration as a water treatment alternative The filter column was made of 150 mm diameter PVC pipe about 1 8 m high The filter medium uncharred palm kernel shells with size

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  • Palm Kernel Shell

    Introduction Palm Kernel Shell PKS is part of the palm fruits lying between the palm fruit flesh and the Palm Kernel PK After Crude Palm Oil CPO has been extracted from the palm fruit flesh in the initial stage of Palm Oil Mill processes PKS covering PK in intact form are sent to next phase of cracking and separation between PKS and PK

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